Bibliography

Penguin

Bibliography

References


  • Ainley, David G., Robert E. LeResche, and William J. L. Sladen. Breeding Biology of the Adélie Penguin. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.
  • Ancel, A., et al. "Foraging Behavior of Emperor Penguins as a Resource Detector in Winter and Summer." Nature 360(26) 1992, pp. 336-338.
  • Araya, Braulio and Frank Todd. "Status of the Humboldt Penguin in Chile following the 1982-83 El Niño." Spheniscid Penguin Newsletter 1(1), 1988, pp. 8-10.
  • Associated Press. "Thousands of Oil-Coated Penguins are Fed, Bathed." San Diego Union-Tribune, 29 June 1994.
  • Brooke, Michael and Tim Birkhead, eds. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Ornithology. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
  • Campbell, B. and E. Lack, eds. Dictionary of Birds. Vermilion, South Dakota: Buteo Books, 1985.
  • Carroll, Robert L. Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company, 1988.
  • Cherel, Y., J.C. Stahl, and Y. Le Maho. "Ecology and Physiology of Fasting in King Penguin Chicks." Auk 104, 1987, pp. 254-262.
  • Cherel, Y, J.R Robin, O. Walch, H. Karmann, R. Netchitailo, and Y. Le Maho. "Fasting in King Penguin. 1. Hormonal and Metabolic Changes During Breeding." American Journal of Physiology 254, 1988, pp. R170-R177.
  • Collar, N.J. and R Andrew. Birds to Watch, ICBP Technical Publication No. 8, Smithsonian Press, 1988.
  • Croxall, J.P. and Randall William Davis. "Metabolic Rate and Foraging Behavior of Pygoscelis and Eudyptes Penguins at Sea." Penguin Biology, edited by Lloyd S. Davis and John T Darby, pp. 207-228. San Diego: Academic Press, 1990.
  • Davis, Lloyd S. "Timing of Nest Relief and its Effect on Breeding Success in Adélie Penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae)." Condor 84, 1982, pp. 178-183.
  • Davis, Lloyd S. and John T. Darby, eds. Penguin Biology. San Diego: Academic Press, Inc., 1990.
  • Davis, Lloyd S. and Elizabeth A. H. Speirs. "Mate Choice in Penguins." Penguin Biology, edited by Lloyd S. Davis and John T Darby, pp. 337-397. San Diego: Academic Press, 1990.
  • del Hoyo, Josep, Andrew Elliott and Jordi Sargatal, eds. Handbook of the Birds of the World: Ostrich to Ducks, Vol 1. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, 1992.
  • Despin, B. Oiseau Revue fr. Om. 42: 69-83, 1972. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, and Antarctic Birds, edited by S. Marchant and R.J. Higgins. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1990.
  • Ellis, Susie. "The Penguin Conservation and Management Plan (CAMP): Introduction and Overview." Penguin Conservation. June 1993, pp. 13-17.
  • Falla, R.A. Rep. B.A.N.Z Antarc. Res. Exped. Ser B. 11, 1937. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, and Antarctic Birds, edited by S. Marchant and RJ. Higgins. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1990.
  • >Groscolas, Rene. "Metabolic Adaptations to Fasting in Emperor and King Penguins." Penguin Biology, edited by Lloyd S. Davis and John T. Darby, pp. 269-296. San Diego: Academic Press, 1990.
  • Harrington, H.J. Nortomis 9: 33-9, 1960. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, and Antarctic Birds, edited by S. Marchant and RJ. Higgins. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1990.
  • Johnstone, G.W., et al. ANARE Scient. Rep. Ser B, 1. 123: 1-62, 1973. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, and Antarctic Birds, edited by S. Marchant and P.J. Higgins. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1990.
  • Kooyman, Gerald L., et al. "Heart Rates and Swim Speeds of Emperor Penguins Diving Under Sea Ice." Journal of Experimental Biology 165. Great Britain: The Company of Biologists Ltd., 1992, pp. 161-180.
  • Kooyman, G.L., et al. Auk 88: 775-95, 1971. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, and Antarctic Birds, edited by S. Marchant and R.J. Higgins. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1990.
  • Kooyman, G. L., et al., 1975. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, and Antarctic Birds, edited by S. Marchant and R.J. Higgins. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1990.
  • Lamey, Timothy C. "Hatch Asynchrony and Brood Reduction in Penguins." Penguin Biology, edited by Lloyd S. Davis and John T. Darby. San Diego: Academic Press, 1990, pp. 399-416.
  • Marchant, S. and P.J. Higgins, coordinators. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1990.
  • Miller, Kenneth R. and Joseph Levine. Annotated Teacher's Edition: Biology. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1993.
  • Muller-Schwarze, Dietland. The Behavior of Penguins: Adapted to Ice and Tropics. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 1984.
  • Murphy, R.C. Auk 64:454-5, 1947. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, and Antarctic Birds, edited by S. Marchant and P.J. Higgins. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1990.
  • Peterson, Roger Tory. Penguins. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1979.
  • Ponganis, Paul J. and Gerald L. Kooyman. "Diving Physiology of Penguins." Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Omithologicl. Wellington: New Zealand Ornithological Congress Trust Board, 1990, pp.1887-1891.
  • Prevost, J. and V. Vilter. "Histologie de la secretion oesophagienne du Manchot empereur." Proceedings of the 13th International Ornithological Congress, 1963, pp. 1085-1094.
  • Rand, R.W. lbis 96: 171-206, 1954. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, and Antarctic Birds, edited by S. Marchant and RJ. Higgins. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1990.
  • Robertson, G. Aust. Wildl. Res. 13: 583-7, 1986. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, and Antarctic Birds, edited by S. Marchant and RJ. Higgins. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1990.
  • Scholander, RF. Hvalradets Skrifter, 1940. In Kooyman, Gerald L., et al. "Heart Rates and Swim Speeds of Emperor Penguins Diving Under Sea Ice." Journal of Experimental Biology 165. Great Britain: The Company of Biologists Ltd., 1992, pp. 161-180.
  • Scolaro, J.A., M. Hall, 1. Ximinez, and 0. Kovacs. "El Pinguino de Magellanes (Spheniscus magellanictis). 11. Biologia y desarrollo de la incubacion en la colonia de Punto Tombo, Chubut, Argentina." Ecologia (Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales, Buenos Aires) 11(5), pp. 103-110.
  • Simpson, George Gaylord. Penguins: Past and Present, Here and There. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1976.
  • Sparks, John and Tony Soper. Penguins. New York: Facts On File Publications, 1987.
  • Stahl, J.C., et al. 4th Symp. Antarctic Biol. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, and Antarctic Birds, edited by S. Marchant and P.J. Higgins. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1990.
  • Stonehouse, Bernard, ed. The Biology of Penguins. Baltimore: University Park Press, 1975.
  • Trivelpiece, Wayne and Susan Trivelpiece. "Courtship Period of Adélie, Gentoo, and Chinstrap Penguins." Penguin Biology, edited by Lloyd S. Davis and John T Darby. San Diego: Academic Press, 1990, pp.113-127.
  • White, M.G. and J.W.H. Conroy. Ibis 118: 371-3,1975. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand, and Antarctic Birds, edited by S. Marchant and P.J. Higgins. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1990.
  • Williams, Tony D. The Penguins. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.