Bibliography

Polar Bears

Bibliography

References


  • Derocher, A.E. and I. Stirling. "Observations of aggregating behaviour in adult male polar bears (Ursus maritimus)." Canadian Journal of Zoology 68, 1990, pp. 1390-1394.
  • Dalziel, Ian W.D. "Arctic." The World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago: World Book, Inc., 1994.
  • Domico, Terry. Bears of the World. New York: Facts On File, 1988.
  • Harington, Richard C. Denning Habits of the Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus Phipps). Ottawa: Canadian Wildlife Service Report Series Number 5, 1968.
  • Lyman, C. P., et al. Hibernation and Torpor in Mammals and Birds. New York: Academic Press, 1982.
  • Macdonald, David W., ed. Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File Publications, Inc., 1987.
  • Nowak, Ronald M., ed. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5th edition. Volume 2. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.
  • Parker, Sybil P., ed. Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals. Volume 3. New York: McGraw Hill Publishing Company, 1990.
  • Sage, Bryan. The Arctic and its Wildlife. New York: Facts On File Publications, Inc., 1986.
  • Stirling, Ian, and P.B. Latour. "Comparative hunting abilities of polar bear cubs of different ages." Canadian Journal of Zoology 56, 1978, pp. 1768-1772.
  • Stirling, Ian. Polar Bears. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1988.
  • Stirling Ian, et al. "Habitat preferences of polar bears in the western Canadian Arctic in late winter and spring." Polar Record 29 (168), 1993, pp. 13-24.
  • Thurman, Harold V. "Arctic Ocean." The World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago: World Book, Inc., 1994.

Image Citations


  • Title & Location: "These polar bears are..." from Behavior; Hibernation
    Photo Credit: Capt. Budd Christman, NOAA Corps
    Courtesy of: NOAA/U.S. Dept of Commerce
  • Title & Location: "This polar bear is..." from Diet & Eating Habits; Food Preferences and Resources
    Photo Credit: Capt. Budd Christman, NOAA Corps
    Courtesy of: NOAA/U.S. Dept of Commerce
  • Title & Location: "Polar bears make extensive ..." from Habitat & Distribution; Habitat
    Photo Credit: Capt. Budd Christman, NOAA Corps
    Courtesy of: NOAA/U.S. Dept of Commerce
  • Title & Location: "The soles of polar..." from Physical Characteristics; Limbs
    Photo Credit: Capt. Budd Christman, NOAA Corps
    Courtesy of: NOAA/U.S. Dept of Commerce