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(resembling a bill; refers to spatulate bill)
This duck has a long, spatulate bill and whitish crescent shaped patches in the area between the bill and eyes
46-56 cm (18.4-22.4 in.)
272-480 g (9.5-16.8 oz)
Herbs, grasses, pondweeds, wigeon grass, eelgrass, and algae
Averages 20-30 years
Southwestern and southeastern Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand
Found in or near shallow lakes and pools with dense reed beds, marshes and lagoons
Populations remain at 100,000-150,000 individuals in New Zealand
These ducks sift the surface of the water filtering out small animals and plants through their bill. Lamellae, which are a series of tiny vertical slits, are found along the upper and lower sides of the bill.
Males are called drakes, females are hens, and young are ducklings.
ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION
Over 60% of this species lives in areas open to hunting. In 1987, the bag limit was reduced to two percent in order to stabilize the populations. These efforts seem successful; with roughly 30,000 hunted each year in New Zealand.
Birds of The World
. New York. Golden Press, Inc., 1961.
Birds - Their Latin Names Explained
. UK. Blandford Books Ltd., 1981.
Ducks, Geese, and Swans of the World
. Lincoln. Univ. Of Neb. Press, 1978.
A Coloured Key of the Wildfowl of the World
. Slimbridge, England. The Wildfowl Trust. 1988.
Natural History of Waterfowl
. San Diego, Ca. Ibis Publishing Co., 1996.