Conservation and Research
SeaWorld and Busch Gardens Conservation Fund
Environmental Excellence Awards
Hubbs SeaWorld Research Institute
Reproductive Research Center
Camps and Sleepovers
Just for Teachers
Education Offering Highlights
Teacher Workshops and Training
(Island of Martinique)
Large, duck-like water bird with short wings and tail; short, thick bill, red eyes and red bill with yellow tip; light blue frontal shield above bill; yellow legs and feet; purple head, neck, breast and belly; green back and upper wings
26.25 cm (10.5 in); wingspan 52.5 cm (21 in)
250-260 g (8.75-9.1 oz)
Plant and animal matter such as snails, insects and molluscs
Some studies show 3 years, other show 3 months; full adult eye color and face and neck coloration are not reached until 20-24 months old
Typically southeastern US to Argentina; rarely as far north as Nova Scotia
Freshwater swamps, marshes, and ponds
These birds use a hen like cackling sound "kek, kek, kek" to communicate when flying.
Gallinules, when young, crawl on bushes and out of the nest using tiny claws on their wing tips.
Gallinule's long toes make it possible to walk on lily pads - one of the few birds able to do so!
Although these birds seem like reluctant fliers, they are found around the world.
ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION
Book of North American Birds
. Reader's Digest Association, Inc. Pleasantville, New York, 1990.
Perrins, C.M. and Alex Middleton.
The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Birds
. New York: Prentice Hall Press, 1990.
Williams, John G.
A Field Guide to the Birds of East and Central Africa
. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, 1963