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Black ovoid body with yellow edging to mid and posterior scales. Base of pectoral fins are yellow. Face is black save for the grayish mouth and yellow ring around eye. Portions of dorsal and anal fins trail beyond body mass - as is seen in most angelfish. Solid, squared (truncate) caudal fin. Juvenile form consists of a black body with three yellow bars. Additionally, yellow band extends down forehead and around mouth. Also, caudal fin is edged in yellow.
25.4-35.6 cm (10-14 in) avg; 45.7 cm (18 in) max
Sponges, algae, bryozoans, zooantharians, gorgonians, and tunicates
Species exhibits dioecism. Fertilization is external. Species is open water/substratum egg scatterer. Spawning primarily occurs in late summer.
Western Atlantic: Florida and Gulf of Mexico to Brazil
Eastern Atlantic: Ascension Island and St. Paul's Rocks
3-100 meters in tropical & sub-tropical coastal marine waters
French angelfish exhibit apparently permanent, monogamous breeding pairs. During the spawning cycle, these pairs are highly territorial.
Juvenile form serves as a symbiotic cleaner fish, feeding on the ectoparasites of other fish species.
For more information about bony fishes, explore the
Bony Fishes InfoBook
ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION
Bond, Carl E.
Biology of Fishes - Second Edition
. Saunders College Publishing, 1996.
Reef Fish Identification - Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas
. New World Publications, Inc., 1992.