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Gray to deep brown ovoid body. Inner face of pectoral fins is yellow. Mouth is white. Portions of dorsal and anal fins trail beyond body mass - as is seen in most angelfish. Solid, squared (truncate) caudal fin. Juvenile form consists of a black body with three yellow bars. Additionally, yellow band extends down forehead and around mouth. Square-edged caudal fin has yellow base and clear outer edge. Juvenile form is similar to
25.4-45.7 cm (10-18 in) avg; 61 cm (24 in) max
1.8 kg (4.0 lbs) max
Primarily sponges, but also tunicates, algae, zooantharians, gorgonians, hydroids, bryozoans, and seagrasses
22-26 cm total body length
Western Atlantic: New England (northern seasonal limit) to Rio de Janeiro, including Bahamas, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, and Antilles
2-30 meters in tropical & sub-tropical coastal marine waters
For more information about bony fishes, explore the
Bony Fishes InfoBook
ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION
Bond, Carl E.
Biology of Fishes - Second Edition
. Saunders College Publishing, 1996.
Reef Fish Identification - Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas
. New World Publications, Inc., 1992.