Conservation and Research
SeaWorld and Busch Gardens Conservation Fund
Environmental Excellence Awards
Hubbs SeaWorld Research Institute
Reproductive Research Center
Camps and Sleepovers
Just for Teachers
Education Offering Highlights
Teacher Workshops and Training
Olive-brown to pale gray body with irregular blue lines and black dots distributed over entire surface. Body is laterally flattened and elongate. Snout ends in a pronounced tube-like mouth. Dorsal and anal fins undulate to provide primary locomotion. Solid (rounded) caudal fin is broom-like in appearance. Caudal fin is often observed limp.
30.5-76.2 cm (1-2.5 ft) avg; 110 cm (3.6 ft) max
2.5 kg (5.5 lbs)
Algae, seagrass, hydrozoans, gorgonians, colonial anemones, and tunicates
Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia to Gulf of Mexico and Brazil
Eastern Atlantic: St. Paul's Rocks, Cape Verde and Ascension Island to South Africa
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Colombia
Western Indo-Pacific: Australia to Red Sea
4-120 meters in tropical & sub-tropical marine coastal waters
The first dorsal spine of the scrawled filefish exhibits small notches along its length, resembling a file in appearance. This dorsal spine, then, contributes to the species common name.
The primary dorsal spine can be made to stand erect. Such a posture is utilized by several member of the superfamily Balistoidea to lock themselves into a crevice or crack within a reef system - thus making predatory extraction difficult.
For more information about bony fishes, explore the
Bony Fishes InfoBook
ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION
Bond, Carl E.
Biology of Fishes - Second Edition
. Saunders College Publishing, 1996.
Reef Fish Identification - Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas
. New World Publications, Inc., 1992.