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Overall coat is reddish-yellow. Hair along ridge of back is longer and may be darker than rest of coat. Muzzle and lower legs are dark. Throat and tail are light. Ears are long and pronounced. Hair along neck and shoulders is thick, longish, and erectile - hence the common name.
Head & body length = 950-1,320 mm
Tail length = 280-490 mm
Shoulder height = 740-900 mm
Rodents, other small mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, fruit, and other vegetable matter
Weaned by 15 weeks
Approximately 15 years
Central and eastern Brazil, eastern Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, and Uruguay
Grasslands, savannahs, and swamps
The particularly long legs of the maned wolf are likely an adapation which allows them to see above the tall grass in which they often hunt.
Maned wolves exhibit monogomous pairings, with breeding pairs defending a territory averaging 27 km2. Despite the concerted defense of territory, male and female wolves typically only associate closely during breeding season.
In a zoological setting, male maned wolves have been observed regurigitating food for their young. This may indicate that the male plays a significant role in the care of young in the natural enviroment.
ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION
While not often hunted for its coat, the maned wolf is hunted as a reaction to its portrayal as a threat to domesticated livestock, particularly chickens. It faces additional pressures as its grassland habitat is burned for human purposes. The maned wolf currently has virtually no presence in Argentina and Uruguay as a result of these pressures. Of note, however, is the extension of their Brazilian range as they exploit recently deforested regions.
Nowak, Ronald M.
Walker's Mammals of the World - Volume I