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peccaries (plural), peccary (singular)
Three Genera (
) encompassing three species
Coat is coarse and bristled, with a pronounced mane of longer hairs running along the middorsal region from crown to hindquarters. Body form is quite pig-like with longer, slimmer legs. Additionally, the snout is more elongate than that of a domestic pig.
Head and body length = 750-1,112 mm (2.5-3.6 ft)
Tail length = 15-102 mm (0.6-4.0 in)
Shoulder height = 440-690 mm (17.3-27.2 in)
14-50 kg (30.9-110.2 lb); depending on species
Seeds, roots, cacti, carrion, invertebrates, small vertebrates, berries, and fruits - depending on species
145-162 days, depending on species
Southwestern United States to central Argentina
Semi-arid thorn forest, steppe, desert scrub, arid woodland, rainforest, savannah, and chaco - depending on species
is classified as Endangered
are listed on Appendix II
Peccaries are highly social animals - often scent-marking one another as well as physical territory.
When feeling threatened,
will clash its canine teeth together as a warning.
has been recorded sprinting up to 35 km/hr.
's sense of smell is so good that it is capable of detecting bulbs 5-8 cm below the soil's surface.
, if wounded or threatened, may attack as entire herd. The herd can consist of up to 50 members.
may form herds of several hundred individuals.
ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION
All species are hunted for subsistence, commecial, and/or sport purposes. Two species are additionally targeted for the commercial value of their hide. Perhaps the greatest threat to peccaries, however, is the clearing and fragmentation of the habitats in which they reside.
Nowak, Ronald M.
Walker's Mammals of the World - Volume I