Queen Parrotfish

Queen Parrotfish

Bony Fish

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

COMMON NAME: queen parrotfish
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS: Osteichthyes
ORDER: Perciformes
FAMILY: Scaridae
GENUS SPECIES: Scarus vetula

FAST FACTS

DESCRIPTION: Supermale form has a green to blue-green body with a turquoise stripe along the tip of the single dorsal fin. Vibrant turquoise markings are found around mouth. Caudal fin exhibits central turquoise crescent. Solid (truncate) caudal fin. Adult form has a charcoal body with a broad white stripe running along the mid-section. Additionally, lower head may exhibit lighter coloration. Juvenile form has a white body with three black stripes running from head to tail (very similar to juvenile rainbow parrotfish, Scarus guacamaia).
MALE Supermale: 30.5-40.6 cm (12-16 in) avg; 61.0 cm (2 ft) max
SIZE: Adult: 15.2-25.4 cm (6-10 in); 30.5 cm (12 in) max
WEIGHT: No data
DIET: Algae (scraped from rocks and/or coral)
INCUBATION: Species exhibits protogyny. Fertilization is external. Species is open water/substratum egg scatterer.
SEXUAL MATURITY: No data
LIFE SPAN: No data
RANGE: Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Florida, and Bahamas to northern South America
HABITAT: 3-25 meters in tropical & sub-tropical marine coastal waters
POPULATION: GLOBAL No data
STATUS: IUCN Not listed
CITES Not listed
USFWS Not listed

FUN FACTS

1. The queen parrotfish secretes a mucus cocoon in which it sleeps at night. The cocoon acts to isolate the scent of the parrotfish, making it less vulnerable to predators.
2. For more information about bony fishes, explore the Bony Fishes InfoBook.

ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION

No data

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bond, Carl E. Biology of Fishes - Second Edition. Saunders College Publishing, 1996.

Humann, Paul. Reef Fish Identification - Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas. New World Publications, Inc., 1992.

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