Scottish Highland Cattle

Scottish Highland Cattle

Mammalia

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

COMMON NAME: Scottish highland cattle
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS: Mammalia
ORDER: Artiodactyla
FAMILY: Bovidae
GENUS SPECIES: Bos taurus

FAST FACTS

DESCRIPTION: Scottish highland cattle have handlebar shaped horns and long, thick, shaggy coats
SIZE: Shoulder height: 0.9-1.1 m (2.95-3.6 ft.)
MALE Males (bulls) grow larger than females (cows)
WEIGHT: 450-1,000 kg (992-2,204 lb.)
DIET: Mainly grazes on grasses
GESTATION: Mating occurs throughout the year. Gestation lasts approximately 277-290 days. A single calf is most common, although occasionally twins are born.
SEXUAL MATURITY: At about 18 months
LIFE SPAN: May be more than 20 years
RANGE: Originally native to Scotland. Now quite popular in the United States.
HABITAT: Originally rough and rocky terrain
POPULATION: GLOBAL Unknown
STATUS: IUCN Not listed
CITES Not listed
USFWS Not listed

FUN FACTS

1. Scottish highland cattle are an ancient, Celtic breed of cattle.
2. Cattle consume as much as 70 kg (150 lb.) of grass and graze about eight hours each day.

ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION

At one time these cattle were quite rare. They are now a well-developed breed in the United States and in Britain.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

MacDonald, D. The Encyclopedia of Mammals: 2. London: George Allen & Unwin Co., 1985.

Nowak, R. M. Walker's Mammals of the World. 6th edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.