Challenges of Animal Training
- Animals are very aware of their environment and changes within that environment. As a basic part of training, trainers work with the animals to help them learn to accept unusual or unexpected changes in their environment. When animals become used to changes in the environment, it is known as desensitization.
- Humans also desensitize to various stimuli in the environment. For example, when rain begins to fall, the sound of the water hitting the ground is noticeable. Eventually, the sound becomes less noticeable as we grow used to it. Soon we don't even notice the sound of the rain at all.
- Desensitization is extremely important in animal training for a number of reasons. For animals, various aspects of the show situation may be distracting. These distractions include other animals in the stage, two or more trainers, applause from the audience, loud voices, and music over the sound system. Animals learn to ignore these distractions and are reinforced for responding calmly to changes in the environment.
- Desensitization is also essential in animal health care and husbandry. Animals are trained to remain calm and ignore the veterinarians' hands and medical equipment.
Desensitization training teaches animals to remain calm and ignore
the veterinarians' hands and medical equipment.
- Here is a sample scenario of how trainers might desensitize a whale to having blood taken:
- Desensitization may take several days to several weeks, depending on the animal. The process requires a great deal of patience and dedication.
- Because of the desensitization training, SeaWorld trainers safely enter the water with various marine mammal species. This interaction creates unique behavioral enrichment opportunities for the animals. It also makes it easier for trainers to collect accurate data for health monitoring and research.
Because of desensitization training, SeaWorld trainers safely enter the
water with various mammal species.
- One of the most common guest suggestions at SeaWorld and Busch Gardens parks is to offer more contact with animals. It seems almost everyone wants to make a connection with another species. SeaWorld, Busch Gardens, and Discovery Cove Adventure parks deliver a variety of hands-on animal experiences. But this relatively new venture has opened up a whole new world of challenges for animal trainers.
Guests frequently request to have contact with the animals and for
this reason, the SeaWorld, Busch Gardens, and Discovery Cove
Adventure Parks offer a variety of hands-on experiences.
- There are two basic types of interaction programs: in-park and out-of-park. In-park interaction programs involve guest touching, feeding, and even wading with the animals. In more extended cases, guests even join in training sessions, giving signals and reinforcers. SeaWorld and Busch Gardens offer Adventure Camps, Interaction Programs, and Trainer for a Day Programs. These programs provide the opportunity for guests to be fully immersed in the world of animal care and training. Besides having an unforgettable adventure, guests come away with a greater appreciation of everything involved in training and caring for animals.
Adventure Camp programs provide the opportunity for guests to be
fully immersed in the world of animal care and training.
- Out-of-park programs are often referred to as "animal ambassador programs". These programs involve an animal trainer taking animals on the road - to schools, conventions, and even television shows - as ambassadors of the parks.
- For both types of interactive programs, desensitization is key. Training animals to be calm and yet responsive in the presence of numerous distractions is a priority. But the growth of the animal ambassador program has presented the most challenges of all. Animals must be trained to be calm and indifferent in a new world full of novel situations. Traveling in a carrier, meeting strangers, loud and sudden noises, bright lights, and sudden movements all are potentially negative stimuli to animals. Working step by step and using lots of positive reinforcement, trainers have had great success in desensitizing animal ambassadors.