Habitat & Distribution
- The eight recognized tiger subspecies are extremely varied in their habitat and distribution.
- The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is native to the Indian subcontinent.
- The Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) is mainly found in Manchuria by the Amur River.
- The south Chinese tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis) is native to south central China, slightly northward from the Indo-Chinese tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti)
- The Indo-Chinese tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti) has a southeastern distribution in China.
- Indonesia is where the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is found.
- The Javan (Panthera tigris sondaica) and Balinese (Panthera tigris balica) tigers are now extinct but were native to Bali and Java in Indonesia respectively.
- The Caspian tiger, now extinct, (Panthera tigris virgata) was historically found in Turkey through central and west Asia.
- Tigers live in a diverse array of habitats such as tropical rainforests, mangrove swamps, evergreen forests, grasslands, savannahs, and rocky areas.
Tigers live in a diverse array of habitats
including tropical rainforests.
- The Wildlife Conservation Society in 1995 estimated the total tiger population to be less than 5,000 individuals. The following is a free-ranging estimation of the number of tigers per country.
- India & Nepal: 2,045
- Malaysia: 500 to 600
- Myanmar (Burma): 500
- Thailand: Fewer than 200
- China (South China subspecies): 20 to 50
- Sumatra: 400 to 500
- China (including both North China and Siberian subspecies): 50 to 100
- Siberia: 250 to 300
- Vietnam: 200
- Laos: Fewer than 200
- Cambodia: Fewer than 200
- Bhutan: 200
- Bangladesh: 500