Coral & Coral Reefs

Appendix: Classification

Class Anthozoa

  1. Subclass Octocorallia (or Alcyonaria)
    • Order Stolonifera (organ-pipe coral and tree fern coral)
    • Order Telestacea (Telesto)
    • Order Alcyonacea (soft corals such as leather corals and tree corals)
    • Order Coenothecalia (Indo-Pacific blue coral)
    • Order Gorgonacea (gorgonian corals including sea fans, red coral, sea whips, and sea feathers)
    • Order Pennatulacea (sea pens and sea pansies)
  2. Subclass Zoantharia
    • Order Zoanthidea (anemonelike anthozoans)
    • Order Actiniaria (sea anemones)
    • Order Scleractinia or Madreporaria (reef-building corals such as star corals, brain corals, staghorn corals, mushroom corals, and bubble corals)
    • Order Rugosa or Tetracoralla (extinct solitary corals)
    • Order Corallimorpharia (resemble true corals but lack skeletons)
    • Order Ceriantharia (anemonelike anthozoans)
    • Order Antipatharia (black corals)
  3. Subclass Tabulata (extinct colonial anthozoans)