- Common Name
- citron-crested cockatoo
- Genus Species
- Cacatua (referring to the bird's call) sulphurea (yellow) citronocristata (orange)
- This is a large, white parrot with an orange crest and light orange ear spots. The feathers under the wing and tail are yellow, and the beak is hooked.
- Approximately 30 to 32.5 cm (12 to 13 in.)
- Approximately 360 to 425 g (12.6 to 14.9 oz.)
- Includes seeds, nuts, fruits, berries, and some insects
- Approximately 30 days
- Clutch Size
- 2–6 eggs
- Sexual Maturity
- Approximately 2–3 years
- Life Span
- Approximately 65 or more years
- Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands and Sumba
- Inhabits forests, scrubs, and grasslands
- Global: Unknown
- IUCN: Not listed
CITES: Appendix II
USFWS: Appendix II
- These birds are often regarded as pests because of their diets (sometimes feeding on crops); licensed culling is permitted in certain states.
- Both parents take part in incubating the eggs.
- Cockatoos can mimic the sounds of other animals, including people.
- Cockatoos can hold their food in one foot and break pieces off of it with the other foot.
- These birds are thought to be one of the rarest parrots on Sumba Island. In 1993, studies estimated citron populations to be 1,150–1,850 individuals.
Ecology and Conservation
Cockatoos are a food source for many animals larger than themselves.
Their feeding habits are very destructive, which annoys most gardeners.
Cockatoos aid in seed dispersal through their eating of fruit.
Citron cockatoos are not common in the pet trade, due to difficulties with successful breeding programs and they are not as popular as other cockatoo species.
The U.S. Wild Bird Act forbids the commercial import of any bird listed by CITES which includes most parrots - endangered or threatened.
Austin, G. Birds of the World. New York. Golden Press, Inc., 1961.
Decoten, A.E. Handbook of Cockatoos. Neptune City, NJ. T.F.H. Pub., 1981.
Diefenbach, K. The World of Cockatoos. Neptune City. NJ. T.F.H. Publications, 1985.
Forshaw, J.M. Parrots of the World. Neptune City, NJ. T.F.H. Publications, 1977.