Citron Crested Cockatoo

Citron-Crested Cockatoo

Scientific Classification

Common Name
citron-crested cockatoo
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Aves
Order
Psittaciformes
Family
Cacatuidae
Genus Species
Cacatua (referring to the bird's call) sulphurea (yellow) citronocristata (orange)

Fast Facts

Description
This is a large, white parrot with an orange crest and light orange ear spots. The feathers under the wing and tail are yellow, and the beak is hooked.
Size
Approximately 30 to 32.5 cm (12 to 13 in.)
Weight
Approximately 360 to 425 g (12.6 to 14.9 oz.)
Diet
Includes seeds, nuts, fruits, berries, and some insects
Incubation
Approximately 30 days
Clutch Size
2–6 eggs
Sexual Maturity
Approximately 2–3 years
Life Span
Approximately 65 or more years
Range
Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands and Sumba
Habitat
Inhabits forests, scrubs, and grasslands
Population
Global: Unknown
Status 
IUCN: Not listed
CITES: Appendix II
USFWS:  Appendix II

Fun Facts

  1. These birds are often regarded as pests because of their diets (sometimes feeding on crops); licensed culling is permitted in certain states.
  2. Both parents take part in incubating the eggs.
  3. Cockatoos can mimic the sounds of other animals, including people.
  4. Cockatoos can hold their food in one foot and break pieces off of it with the other foot.
  5. These birds are thought to be one of the rarest parrots on Sumba Island. In 1993, studies estimated citron populations to be 1,150–1,850 individuals.

Ecology and Conservation

Cockatoos are a food source for many animals larger than themselves.

Their feeding habits are very destructive, which annoys most gardeners.

Cockatoos aid in seed dispersal through their eating of fruit.

Citron cockatoos are not common in the pet trade, due to difficulties with successful breeding programs and they are not as popular as other cockatoo species.

The U.S. Wild Bird Act forbids the commercial import of any bird listed by CITES which includes most parrots - endangered or threatened.


Bibliography

Austin, G. Birds of the World. New York. Golden Press, Inc., 1961.

Decoten, A.E. Handbook of Cockatoos. Neptune City, NJ. T.F.H. Pub., 1981.

Diefenbach, K. The World of Cockatoos. Neptune City. NJ. T.F.H. Publications, 1985.

Forshaw, J.M. Parrots of the World. Neptune City, NJ. T.F.H. Publications, 1977.

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