- Common Name
- marabou stork
- Genus Species
- Leptoptilos (slender wing) crumeniferus (referring to the throat pouch)
- Marabou storks are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with a long, bare throat sac.
- Approximately 150 cm (59 in.)
- Up to 9 kg (20 lbs.)
- Their diet consists predominantly of carrion, fish, termites, locusts, frogs, lizards, baby crocodiles, snakes, rats, mice, and birds.
- 30 to 50 days
- Clutch Size
- 3 to 5 eggs
- Sexual Maturity
- 4 to 5 years
- Life Span
- Up to 20 years in zoos; lifespan in the wild is unknown
- These storks have an extremely large range and can be found throughout Sub-Saharan Africa.
- These birds inhabit open dry savannas, grasslands, swamps, riverbanks, lake shores, and receding pools where fish are concentrated.
- The total population size is very large with at least 10,000 mature individuals. The population appears to be increasing and is not severely fragmented.
- IUCN: Least Concern
CITES: Not listed
USFWS: Not listed
Marabou Storks possess hollow leg and toe bones. In such a large bird, this is an important adaptation for flight.
These birds secure much of their food by scavenging. They are attracted to lion kills, domestic stockyards, plowed fields, and rubbish piles.
Marabou Storks are also attracted to grass fires and will march in front of the advancing fire to grab any fleeing animals.
These storks may associate with herds of large mammals in order to catch insects disturbed by their movements.
These birds have been known to feed on adult flamingoes.
These storks need to eat more than 700 g (1.6 lbs.) of food a day.
The pouch on their throat is not used for food storage and may be used during courtship.
Marabou Storks nest in the dry season when carrion and evaporating pools that contain the natural prey necessary to raise their young are available.
Ecology and Conservation
Marabou Storks are known to consume carrion. They break through the thick hides of large, deceased mammals with their powerful beak. This helps to speed up the decomposition process and allows for other weaker scavengers to have access to the carcass. In addition, they are important predators, frequently seen standing on termite mounds ingesting swarming insects. In turn, these birds themselves are prey for large carnivores.
This species is hunted and traded at traditional medicine markets in Nigeria.
The Association of Zoos and Aquariums recognizes Busch Gardens Tampa Bay as the first to successfully breed this species.
Gotch, A.F. Birds - Their Latin Names Explained. Poole, Dorst: Blandford Press, 1981.
Perrins, Dr. Christopher. Birds: Their Life, Their Ways, Their World. New York: The Reader's Digest Association, Inc. 1979.
Perrins, Dr. Christopher M. And Dr. Alex L.A. Middleton, eds. The Encyclopedia of Birds. New York: Facts on File Pub. 1985.
Perrins, Dr. Christopher M. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Birds: The Definitive Reference to Birds of the World. New York: Prentice Hall Press. 1990.
BirdLife International. 2016. Leptoptilos crumenifer. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22697716A93633034.http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22697716A93633034.en/. Downloaded on 21 November 2018.