Scottish Highland Cattle

Scottish Highland Cattle

Scientific Classification

Common Name
Scottish highland cattle
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Class
Mammalia
Order
Artiodactyla
Family
Bovidae
Genus Species
Bos taurus

Fast Facts

Description
Scottish highland cattle have handlebar shaped horns and long, thick, shaggy coats
Size
Shoulder height: 0.9 to 1.1 m (2.95 to 3.6 ft.)
Male: Males (bulls) grow larger than females (cows)
Weight
450 to 1,000 kg (992 to 2,204 lbs.)
Diet
Mainly grazes on grasses
Incubation
Mating occurs throughout the year. Gestation lasts approximately 277 to 290 days. A single calf is most common, although occasionally twins are born.
Sexual Maturity
At about 18 months
Life Span
May be more than 20 years
Range
Originally native to Scotland. Now quite popular in the United States.
Habitat
Originally rough and rocky terrain
Population
Global: Unknown
Status 
IUCN: Not listed
CITES: Not listed
USFWS: Not listed

Fun Facts

  1. Scottish highland cattle are an ancient, Celtic breed of cattle.
  2. Cattle consume as much as 70 kg (150 lbs.) of grass and graze about eight hours each day.

Ecology and Conservation

At one time these cattle were quite rare. They are now a well-developed breed in the United States and in Britain.


Bibliography

MacDonald, D. The Encyclopedia of Mammals: 2. London: George Allen & Unwin Co., 1985.

Nowak, R. M. Walker's Mammals of the World. 6th edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.