Further Reading


Berta, Annalisa, James L. Sumich and Kit M. Kovacs. Marine Mammals: Evolutionary Biology, 2nd Ed. Academic Press, Burlington, MA, 2006. Carwardine, Mark, Erich Hoyt, R. Ewan Fordyce and Peter Gill. Whales, Dolphins & Porpoises (The Nature Company Guides). New York: Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 1998. Ellis, Richard. Dolphins and Porpoises. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1989. Estes, James A., Robert L. Brownell, Jr., Douglas P. DeMaster, Daniel F. Doak and Terrie M. Williams (editors). Whales, Whaling and Ocean Ecosystems. University of California Press, Berkeley, California, 2006. Ford, John. K. B., Graeme M. Ellis and Kenneth. C. Balcomb. Killer Whales: the Natural History and Genealogy of Orcinus Orca in British Columbia and Washington State. 2nd ed.  UBC Press, Vancouver, British Columbia, 2000. Jefferson, Thomas A., Marc A. Webber, Robert L. Pitman. Marine Mammals of the World: A Comprehensive Guide to Their Identification. Academic Press, 2011. Kirkevold, Barbara and Joan S. Lockard, editors. Behavioral Biology of Killer Whales. Alan R. Liss. New York, New York, 1986.

Killer Whale

Leatherwood, Steven and Randall R. Reeves, eds. The Bottlenose Dolphin. New York: Academic Press, 1990. Perrin, William. F., Bernd Wursig and J. G. M. Thewissen.  Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, 2nd Ed.  San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 2009. Pitman, Robert L., editor. Whalewatcher Killer Whale: The Top, Top Predator. Journal of the American Cetacean Society, Vol. 40:1, 2011. Reynolds, John E. and Sentiel A. Rommel. Biology of Marine Mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, 1999. Stewart, Brent S., Phillip J. Clapham, James A Powell and Randall R. Reeves. National Audubon Society Guide to Marine Mammals of the World (National Audubon Society Field Guide). Knopf, 2002

Killer Whales
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