Habitat & Distribution


Habitat & Distribution


  1. The eight recognized tiger subspecies are extremely varied in their habitat and distribution.
    • The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is native to the Indian subcontinent.
    • The Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) is mainly found in Manchuria by the Amur River.
    • The south Chinese tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis) is native to south central China, slightly northward from the Indo-Chinese tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti)
    • The Indo-Chinese tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti) has a southeastern distribution in China.
    • Indonesia is where the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is found.
    • The Javan (Panthera tigris sondaica) and Balinese (Panthera tigris balica) tigers are now extinct but were native to Bali and Java in Indonesia respectively.
    • The Caspian tiger, now extinct, (Panthera tigris virgata) was historically found in Turkey through central and west Asia.


  1. Tigers live in a diverse array of habitats such as tropical rainforests, mangrove swamps, evergreen forests, grasslands, savannahs, and rocky areas.
  2. Tigers live in a diverse array of habitats
    including tropical rainforests.


  1. The Wildlife Conservation Society in 1995 estimated the total tiger population to be less than 5,000 individuals. The following is a free-ranging estimation of the number of tigers per country.
    • India & Nepal: 2,045
    • Malaysia: 500 to 600
    • Myanmar (Burma): 500
    • Thailand: Fewer than 200
    • China (South China subspecies): 20 to 50
    • Sumatra: 400 to 500
    • China (including both North China and Siberian subspecies): 50 to 100
    • Siberia: 250 to 300
    • Vietnam: 200
    • Laos: Fewer than 200
    • Cambodia: Fewer than 200
    • Bhutan: 200
    • Bangladesh: 500